Saturday, January 24, 2009

ACK-066: Mangal Pandey

ACK #334 (#675)

Acknowledged as one of the first freedom fighter and martyr of India, Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in the village of Nagwa in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. A sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) of the English East India Company, he entered the annals of Indian history for attacking his British officers, sparking off the First War of Indian Independence or as the British termed it, the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. At Barrackpore near Kolkata on March 29, 1857, Pandey attacked and injured his British sergeant, besides wounding an adjutant. A native soldier prevented him from killing the adjutant and the sergant-major. He was arrested and sentenced to death. He was hanged on April 8, 1857.

The primary reason behind Mangal Pandey's behavior was because of a new type of bullet cartridge used in the Enfield P-53 rifle. It was rumoured that the cartridge was greased with animal fat (pig and cow fat), which neither Hindus nor Muslims consumed. The cartridges had to be bitten off to remove the cover, which was detested by both the Hindu and Muslim soldiers in the army. The general feeling was that British intentionally did it. What added to the discontent was that the Commandant of the 34th BNI (Bengal Native Infantry) was a known Christian preacher.

A stamp issued by the Government of India on October 5, 1984 commemorating the 'freedom fighter' Mangal Pandey.

Read more: Wikipedia

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All thanks & credits for this ACK go to Apoorva Chandar.

4 comments:

Apoorva Chandar said...

countdown to the republic day has begun..nice work prabhat....

Prabhat's Books and Comics said...

Apoorva Chandar: Wecome real fan! :)

Anonymous said...

cant download it .. system says "This file is currently set to private. If this problem persists or you need further assistance, contact support."

Please help.

vikki said...

HQ print is deleted Can you fix it ?